Text Box: Improving the way Students See, Hear, and Interact with the Curriculum



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Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition

Summary of Research on Reinforcing Effort
  1. People generally attribute success at any given task to one of four causes: ability, effort, other people and luck.

  2. Not all students realize the importance of believing in effort.

  3. Students can learn to change their beliefs to an emphasis on effort.

Classroom Practice in Reinforcing Effort

  • Teach and exemplify the connection between effort and achievement.
  • Students can see the connection between effort and achievement by periodically keeping track of their effort and its relationship to achievement,

Summary of Research on Providing Recognition

  • Rewards do not necessarily have a negative effect on intrinsic motivation.
  • Reward is most effective when it is contingent on the attainment of some standard of performance.
  • Abstract symbolic recognition is more effective than tangible rewards.

Classroom Practice in Providing Recogntion

  • Make the recognition as personal to the student as possible.
  • The Pause, Prompt and Praise strategy of providing recognition is best used when students are engaged in a particularly demanding task.
  • Concrete, symbolic tokens of recognition should be given for accomplishing specific performance goals.

Technology Resources

Title: Extra Effort
Grade Level(s):
Curricular Area(s):
Description: Websites of heros, admired athletes, politicians, musicians or others who became successful with extra effort.
Resources (Files, Websites, etc.):

- Famous people who had dyslexia (Thomas Edison, Albert Einstein, Cher, George Burns and others).

Title: Kids Bookshelf
Grade Level(s):
Curriculuar Area(s):
Description: KidsBookshelf publishes original book reviews, poems, and short stories of no more than 1,000 words.
Resources (Files, Websites, etc.):

Kids Bookshelf

Title: Rubrics
Grade Level(s):
Curricular Area(s):
Description: Use a rubric to help assess effort or achievement.
Resources (Files, Websites, etc.):

Create a rubric:

Rubric Collections:

Title: Award certificates
Grade Level(s):
Curricular Area(s):
Description: Create award certificates.

Microsoft Word, AppleWorks or iWorks templates, http://www.microsoft.com/education/MonthCertArchive.mspx,
Article on creating certificates: http://www.computorcompanion.com/LPMArticle.asp?ID=226

Title: Charts
Grade Level(s):
Curricular Area(s):
Description: Chart personal progress by tracking effort and/or achievement
Resources (Files, Websites, etc.):

Use personal data to create a spreadsheet with Excel, AppleWorks or iWorks.

Title: Recognition on classroom or district website or newsletter
Grade Level(s):
Curricular Area(s):
Description: Provide students' recognition in newsletters or on websites (use caution with photos on the web used with student names).
Resources (Files, Websites, etc.):

Title: Recognition by e-mail
Grade Level(s):
Curricular Area(s):
Description: Give students' recognition by e-mailing their parent(s)/guardian(s).

e-mail programs

from Classroom Instruction that Works Robert J. Marzano, Debra, J . Pickering, Jane E. Pollock, MCREL, 2001.

Division of Educational Technology
2700 Judge Fran Jamieson Way
Viera, Florida 32040-6699
321) 631-1911